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 Historical Newspapers of Coos County, Oregon     Marshfield Sun      Marshfield (Coos Bay)
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ACKNOWLEDGEMENT:
A Special thank you to the Marshfield Sun Printing Museum, Coos Bay, Oregon, for
allowing editors to photograph original illustrations in the Special Edition.

//////////

compilation copyright (c) 2005 by Marilee Miller
:   NO COPYING OR DISTRIBUTION of this document without permission..
     
Text-only version, free copy, here.


(front
cover)


                                   MARSHFIELD SUN 
                                         []  ILLUSTRATED [] 
                                          Special Edition 1901
         
                A graphic description of the Marvelous Resources and Magni-
           ficent Attractions of Coos County, Oregon, with its Wealth
           in Coal Mining, Lumbering, Creameries, Salmon Canneries,
           and the wonderful fertility of its farms, its increasing prospects,
           and the inducements offered those in search of permanent homes.
                               SUN PUBLISHING Co, Publishers, Marshfield, Ore.   

[Ed Note:  Text above is script with the Old-English f-type letter on  part of the "s"
characters, but not all. ]

=        
    
Part 1.   #1=  Coos Promotional     # 2=  Resources, Land, Overview
#3= Marshfield (town)     #4=  Marshfield school     #5=  Marshfield Electric & Gas Co.
#6=  Harbor Improvements, Coos Bay & Coquille River      #7=  Sportsman's Paradise
#8=  Stock-raising    

//////
 
(pg.1)...
 #1 


               Marshfield Sun  Special Edition 1901  [Annual]  



      OUR SPECIAL EDITION.
              _____

     We have issued this special illustrated edition of the Marshfield Sun for
the purpose of making known to the outside world the vastness and
diversity of the natural resources of Coos County.  Within its pages will be
found graphic descriptions and illustrations of the leading industries of our
county and sketches of the career of our prominent business men.  It would
be impossible to give an extended account and particulars in detail of every
industry engaged in Coos county, but we have aimed to hint at the facts in a
general way, and to the outsider who desires more information of this
commonwealth, we will be pleased to furnish with the same.  In the
publication of this volume we have secured the services of the best writers
to contribute articles of value to those seeking homes.  There are fine lands
in Coos and plenty of them and those in quest of a location will do well to
investigate for themselves.  We have endeavored in the preparation of this
number to give each section of Coos county equal representation, showing
favors to none, but justice to one and all.  This issue will be sent far and
near, and the good thus derived may not be apparent at once, but if it
[printout illegible; = attracts?] the attention of the home-seeker and business
man to the garden spot of Oregon we shall be satisfied.

[Ed Note:  The above text is like a preamble.  The main title is  below photos.]



   Marshfield-w1R   Marshfield-w1R
        click to enlarge
                                       SECTIONAL VIEW OF MARSHFIELD
By Stauff

=

(pg. 1-2)    
  #2
   Remarks on the Bay
           and County of Coos 
     
   
                           * * * *  By Star Key   * * * *


     In a descriptive narrative of this section of the coast credit should be
given to  the early settlers who hewed the pathway in advance and  who
were first in developing its resources.  The battle with hardships, the
dangers averted and the obstacles encountered were all met with patience
and perseverance: therefore we owe them a word of praise in recognition of
their early efforts in the virgin woods, encompassed by ferocious animals
and treacherous Indians.  There are lofty ideals; yet none transcend that of
the pioneer who risks every thing an uncertain venture; who forsakes the
enjoyment and advantages of civilization to enter into a project that may
result disastrously to him and his.  Many of the early pioneers of Coos have
departed this life, and those who are still with us are in "the sere and yellow
leaf;" therefore, all honor to the pioneers of Coos county.

                                 Coos Bay. 

     A great deal has been written on the resources of Oregon, and truly it is a
country of immense capacity.  The south-west portion, in which Coos
County is a leading feature, has not received that at- [ printout illegible] due
the climate, [printout illegible;  = manifold?] fold resources, and position,
demand.  Coos bay coming first in importance as a commercial center and
distributing point for the surrounding country, will first attract attention. 
The entrance to Coos bay is situated in about 43 degrees north latitude, and
124 west. By referring to a chart or map its position will be observed to the
northward and close to cape Arago, on which stands a prominent
lighthouse.
     The channel at the entrance has thirty feet of water at mean tide.  Since
the government improvement at the entrance commenced, the depth of
water on the bar has been steadily increasing.  It speaks volumes for the
harbor to know that thirty sailing vessels and ten steamers are trading
between this port and San Francisco, California, and there is steam
connection with Portland and other ports of the coast.  Passing Rocky Point
after entering the port we have the full sweep of the lower bay before us,
about a mile wide and eight in length.  The long sand spit with high dunes
which support a variety of timber, are on our left hand, a permanent barrier
to the fierce waves of the great Pacific ocean.  Here, on this magnificent
sheet of water, there is sufficient space for thousands of vessels to anchor in
safety.  Passing up the bay we observe the pioneer town of Coos Bay --
Empire City.  At this place the Southern Oregon Company have [verified]
built a fine mill which has a cutting capacity of 150,000 feet of lumber
daily.  Proceeding we turn to the right at North Bend where a magnificent
sight bursts into view. We have now entered the upper bay, and the scene is
one to be remembered and to absorb studious attention.  The distant hills are
clothed from base to summit with an evergreen envelope, and the lofty fir
trees abound on every hand.  Cedar, myrtle, and other varieties of timber
extend in every direction.  Great quantities of timber are destroyed in
clearing land; the same, if stored or otherwise preserved, would be valuable
in the manufacture of furniture and other fine work.  Commencing with the
North Bend mill we can count four sawmills within range of the eye.
     Coos river enters the bay at the left hand upper corner, directly opposite
Marshfield.  There are some fine farms on this river and the orchards for
beauty and flavor of fruit are unsurpassed.  This section stands unequalled
for dairying and stock raising.  The winters are so mild that cattle roam
through the timber and over the hills and require but little feed from their
owners. There are scattering tracts of land from which the timber has been
burned and grass has grown in those burned districts, as they are called, and
in these and on the banks of streams and open spaces cattle find abundant
feed.  It is no uncommon thing for fine beef to be taken off the ranges in
January which have had no feed furnished to them excepting what they
have found in pasture.  Snow seldom falls, and when it does appear it is so
light, and lies so little time on the ground, that it does not prevent the cattle
from finding the grass which the dense woods afford abundant shelter from
the wind.
     The cool, but temperate climate is admirably adapted to making butter
and cheese, and those industries are very remunerative.
     In illustration of manufacture of cheese, a table furnished by one of the
best farmers in the county will show what is done in the line.  The table
gives the result from the milking of 60 cows 30 of [printout illegible]
milkers and 30 poor milkers.
  
[chart,  not copied ]

     Weight of cheese, after shrinkage, 23,496 pounds.
     This product was sold in Marshfield at prices ranging from 10 to 15
cents per pound.
      There are many products which can be raised here at a profit.  The
bottom lands produce beets of the finest quality and will average at least
twenty tons to thee acre.  There has been a movement looking toward the
establishment of a beet sugar manufactory, but nothing definite has yet been
accomplished.
     Fruit growing is a flourishing industry throughout the county, there
being a large export trade to California.  The varieties produced are apples,
pears, quinces, plums, cherries, and smaller fruits. The trees begin to bear
when remarkably young and are exceedingly healthy and vigorous and
being free from disease, will live to a great age.  The trees are very
productive and the fruit possesses a delicious flavor. This county is a very
Eden for cherries, plums and prunes.  Strawberries, currants, raspberries,
gooseberries and cranberries of a fine quality are raised in abundance. 
Several varieties of the hardier grapes are also cultivated.  Blackberries are
cultivated and they also grow wild in the woods in vast quantities, and are a
natural product of the soil.
    Fruit trees will grow from six to eight feet the first year and bear fruit the
second, third and fourth years according to variety. They thrive in the
valleys as well as on the foothills, and up to a considerable height in the
mountains, but  especially in dry, sheltered soil.  Yearling prune and
yearling cherry trees seven feet high have been exhibited. Apple trees
commence bearing very young, sometimes producing fine fruit the second
year after grafting and, if properly cultivated, are always in bearing when
four or five years old.   

                                     Climate.  

     The climate is remarkable in its equability; and, while it is a physical
impossibility to discover a climate that will suit each case, we are not
afflicted with extremes of heat or cold.
     A report of the signal service is subjoined, showing the mean
temperature for each month of the year.

[chart:  not copied]

                                  Lumber.

         With accessible facilities and an unlimited supply of material, a
lamentable picture is displayed in the cessation of labor resulting from the
suspension in operating two of the largest saw mills on Coos Bay. 
Litigation is the cause in one case, but in the other the motive is not
apparent.  Both companies own exclusive timber tracts, and possess
excellent positions for the manufacture of lumber and the construction of
sea-going vessels.  It is to be hoped that in the [can't read = near?] future
"the clouds will roll by," and that then these superb mills will be set in
motion adding to the bright outlook for business on the bay [printout
illegible] buzz of their wheels.
     During the past forty years the North Bend mill and the Newport coal
mine have been operated continually, and the proprietors of these industries
deserve commendation and the reward merited by their perseverance.  That
which has been accomplished by the untiring efforts of A. M. Simpson,  the
late firm of Flanagan and Mann,  and Goodall, Perkins, and Company, can
be accomplished by others, consequently the activity now apparent on Coos
bay and the Coquille river is an omen of more extensive operations in coal,
lumber, creameries, and canneries.  The progression and development of the
resources of Coos County have been tardy, owing principally to a paucity of
capital: but now that attention has been called to the possibilities of a
harvest from the stores of nature hitherto lying dormant, capital has
approached, and there is no doubt of its obtaining tangible results and
remuneration commensurate with the undertaking.

                                   Coal. 

     The coal which is found in the local coal measures, is lignite or brown
coal, and is the best for domestic use of any found on the Pacific coast.  It
carries but little dust or soot and burns well.  It is not claimed to be the best
for steam, although it is much used for that purpose.  The country has not
been thoroughly prospected; and shafts have not been sunk to any great
depth; but it is estimated that in the Coos county coal fields there are four
hundred square miles of underlying coal beds.  The amount of coal in such a
vast field can hardly be estimated.  All the coal which has heretofore been
mined, exported, and consumed locally, has not worked out two square
miles of territory.  Much of this coal land can be bought for from ten to
twenty dollars an acre. The Newport mine continues to run steadily and is
no doubt profitable.  It has a rail road about three miles long from the mine
to deep water.  Other mines can be worked profitably but are waiting capital
to take hold and develop them.
     The coal measures on the Coquille river have not yet been fairly
prospected but the good work is going on both on the river and on the bay
and the ventures being in the hands of expert miners, there is a fair prospect
of success.  The export trade in timber and coal is increasing gradually; and
before the end of the approaching year - 1901 - the prospects are that the
business will receive such vigorous propulsion as portends prosperity and
permanent progress.

=

(pg. 2-3)
 #3
   

                                        _____________ 
                                        MARSHFIELD.                              
                                             _____
 
      [Ed. note: see pix with #2]
      The accompanying cut shows only a sectional view of Marshfield, and
was taken from a photograph by E. A. Stauff.  Marshfield is situated on the
head of Coos bay and at the confluence of Coos river, Isthmus and Coal
Bank sloughs.  It is the metropolis of the county, and the first city of
importance to Coos county, and a shipping and distributing center for the
neighboring towns, where saw mills, coal mines, creameries, logging
camps, ship yards, etc., are operated.  Its growth in business and population
in late years has been a marked one, which bids fair to continue for many
years.  Marshfield is populated with an intelligent and progressive class of
people who lend every encouragement both in deed and act to the
establishment of enterprises in this section.  For example, the citizens of our
town, notwithstanding we have a modern, up-to-date shipbuilding plant in
active operation within the city limits, contributed a subsidy of $1,000 to
Capt. H. R. Reed to establish a yard across the bay, one mile from
Marshfield.  This is only one of the many acts of encouragement of our
generous and progressive residents.  In the past year over three thousand
dollars has been spent in the improvement of streets in this city, and
surveyors are at work on the plans for a complete sewer system for the
town, which is to be put in during the coming year.  Besides public
improvement the year just closed has broken the record on building in
Marshfield, business blocks and numerous fine residences having been
erected.  Marshfield is a modern town with telephone, electric light, and
water system.  The water system which is on the gravity plan, maintaining
100 [or?  Can't read] pounds pressure to the square inch, was installed two
years since, which, with an excellent volunteer fire department, caused the
underwriters after investigation to reduce the rates of insurance to the
minimum.  We also have a La France steam fire engine which is always
kept in readiness on the water front, thus giving to the city a protection from
fire, which is equal to any town of twice its size on the Pacific coast.
     The financial interests of this city have always been protected by the
well-known banking firm of Flanagan and Bennett.  This institution has
withstood, like the rock of Gibraltar, all the panics and is known in banking
circles as one of the solidest firms on the Pacific coast, a fact to which we
point with much pride.
     Marshfield supports a free reading room, under the direction of the Y.
M. C. A. and in keeping with the general advancement in the line of moral,
educational and spiritual improvement maintains six churches of different
denominations.
     The foregoing statements are but a few of the brief facts -- no more, no
less, they are neither embellished nor exaggerated.  The beauties and
interests of Marshfield are too well-known to warrant any other than a
truthful exposition.  If you are contemplating a change of home and desire
to locate where the acme of intelligence, moral worth, and wealth besides
can be maintained, come to Marshfield.
     By an act of the last legislature Marshfield was re-incorporated as a city,
the present officials being:
     E. A. Anderson, mayor;  W. H. S. Hyde, recorder;  J. S. Coke, Jr., city
attorney;  W. B. Curtis, F. P. Norton, Wm. Nasburg, J. N. Nelson, Chas.
Bradbury and J. A. Matson, aldermen;  John Carter, marshal;  J. E.
Fitzgerald, nightwatchman [ sic].

=


(pg. 3)
 #4
     
              
                       ________________
 
                              THE MARSHFIELD SCHOOL.
                                                   _____

     If there is one thing the citizens of Marshfield are prouder of than any
other it is their excellent public school.  The fine edifice shown in the
accompanying cut was erected in 1895 at a cost of about $15,000.
     Prior to that time the school facilities were very poor.  The building was
antiquated, containing only four illy lighted [sic], heated and ventilated
rooms.  The new structure contains on the upper floors, eight large school
rooms, a spacious assembly hall, principal's office, and three broad
stairways.  In the basement there are furnace and fuel rooms and two large
play rooms for boys and girls separate from each other.  All the class rooms
are provided with the most approved style of cloak rooms and teacher's
private closets. There are speaking tubes throughout the building, and each
room is fitted with an electric bell so arranged that they may be sounded
singly or all at once, from the principal's desk.  There is, besides, a large
gong in the assembly hall for regulating the movements of the school.
     The building is well furnished and is equipped with necessary apparatus,
including an excellent piano.  The heating and ventilating are the most
modern and approved, being the "Morgan system" of warm air.  Each room
is lighted by four spacious double windows, throwing the light to the rear of
and from the left side of the pupils.  The trimmings of the building are of
white cedar, finished in hard oil varnish, in the natural color of the wood. 
The walls are plastered in neutral tints with white ceilings.
     On entering the new building, the school was thoroughly graded, and a
two years high school course was added to the work.  The latter is in
addition to the work of the average country high school, includes plain and
solid geometry and two years in Latin.  The course is so comprehensive and
the work so thorough, that the school is accredited at the state university
with fifty credits for admission to that institution -- an honor conferred upon
no other institution in the state with less than three years of high school
work.
     The grading of the school and the arranging of the details of the work
have been effected under the skillful management of the present principal,
Prof. F. A. Golden, a graduate of one of the leading Eastern universities. 
Mr. Golden's experience of fifteen years devoted to teaching in some of the
best public schools and colleges of large Eastern cities has rendered his
services of great value in raising the school to its present high standard. 
Too much praise cannot be given the school boards of the town for their
loyal devotion to the interests of the school.  The best teaching force
available is secured, regardless of residence, politics, religion or
"influence."  This is the chief secret of the success of the school.  Of the
present corps of assistants, one comes from Iowa, a classical graduate of
Knox College, Ill., two are normal school graduates, one is an experienced
teacher from New York, and all are highly skilled in their respective grades. 
To show their enthusiasm in educational work: it may be remarked here that
four of the corps will next vacation, take a summer course in methods at the
Chicago Institute, under Dr. Parker.  As an evidence of the reputation the
teachers of our school have made, it is a noteworthy fact that three have
been appointed to lucrative positions in the Portland city schools, one has
gone into the Astoria schools, and two have secured appointments in
Roseburg.
     The school ranks among the best in the state, and has been the cause of
inducing quite a number of families to invest in homes in Marshfield to
secure the benefit of its educational advantages.  Besides these, there are
quite a number of non-resident pupils in attendance, who have been
attracted to the school by its thoroughness.  The remarkably high degree of
system and order maintained in the school has been a subject of great
surprise to visitors from other sections, including Portland and San
Francisco.  Wherever, in the state, Marshfield people visit they are met with
the inquiry, "Is not your town the place where they have such a fine
school?" 
     Since the high school was established there have been four graduating
classes, numbering thirty-one members.  The present senior class has
thirteen members, and the enrollment of the school for the present session,
up to the time these statistics were secured, is 345.  Five years ago 189 was
considered a large attendance.
     The board of directors at present consists of Dr.  J. T. McCormac,
chairman, and Messrs. F. "Hagelstein and C. A. Johnson.  Mr. John F. Hall
has for many years past been the school clerk.


      Marshfield school

    Photo by Stauff          MARSHFIELD GRADED AND HIGH SCHOOL

=


(pg. 3-4)
 #5

          

                                         _____________
      THE MARSHFIELD ELECTRIC AND GAS COMPANY. 
                                                ____

     One of the most important features of Marshfield's progressiveness is the
successful operation of a splendid electric light plant by the Marshfield
Electric Light and Gas Company.  Operations were commenced in 1891 and
the project at once met with the hearty support of the people generally.  The
plant has a capacity of 700 incandescent and 40 arc lights, and the service is
unexcelled.  The power house is conveniently located in West Marshfield
near Mill slough and is arranged in a systematic manner.  This institution
gives employment to four men, and at times extra help is needed.  F. M.
Friedberg, whose ability as a skilled electrician goes without saying, is
manager of the concern and is entitled to praise for courteous treatment of
customers and for the excellent and uninterrupted service given the people. 
The company furnishes the municipality with 16 all-night arc lights, also
what incandescents are needed in the city hall and fire engine house. 
Besides the patronage of the city the company has contracts for lighting all
of the principal business houses and a great many residences.  The business
of the company is still increasing for everywhere it is apparent that the man
who is enterprising enough to [printout illegible; = use?] electricity
[printout illegible; = in the matter of?] lights in his busines [sic] is the one
who is most likely to meet with success.  When certain proposed
arrangements with the municipality are satisfactorily completed this
company announces that it will at once plan for the enlargement of and
complete remodeling of its plant, thereby making it possible to serve all
parties who do not now feel justified in using the modern illuminant.

=


(pg. 4).
 #6


                                    _____________________
         GOVERNMENT IMPROVEMENTS TO COOS BAY
                          AND COQUILLE RIVER.            
                    
                                                   _____

                 Extracts of Official Report. 

     Nature provided Coos county with two gateways to the Pacific ocean --
Coos bay and the Coquille river -- that have become known throughout the
entire length of this coast in shipping circles.  These harbors have, besides
their natural advantages, received attention and improvements of our
national government to assist in their perfection, large sums of money being
spent annually on the same.  Besides the improvement in the entrances the
government has done considerable dredging and removing of obstacles to
transportation in their inner harbors.  This fact is due chiefly to the demands
of our important commerce.

                                 Coquille River. 

     The Coquille river enters the Pacific ocean in the southwestern part of
Oregon.  It is formed by four small forks, which, coming from the Coast
range of mountains, unite in the vicinity of the town of Myrtle Point.  It is a
tidal river, navigated by coasting vessels and steamers to Coquille City, a
distance of about 26 miles from its mouth, and from thence to Myrtle Point,
a farther distance of 14 miles, by river steamers.  In his report for the year
1900 to the secretary of war, Captain W. W. Harts, in charge of the
improvement of rivers and harbors of Western Oregon, speaking of the
Coquille river, suggests:  "On account of the conditions surrounding the
work of constructing the jetties at the entrance to Coquille river it would be
much more economical if funds for carrying on the work could be provided
by Congress in instalments [sic] of at least $50,000 each.  The appropriation
of March 3, 1899, $40,000, was the largest ever made for the work.  Prior to
that appropriation nine appropriations were made, aggregating $170,000, or
an average of less than $15,000 each.  If the north jetty is to be completed
within the estimated cost it will be necessary that the appropriations be
larger and thus make it possible to prolong the periods of active operations,
which, in turn, will render it possible to dispense with some of the expense
that has been incurred in past years in making repairs to the tramways, etc.
rendered necessary by natural decay, the ravages of the terredo [ed: a
marine worm] and the heavy seas."
     In conclusion Captain Hart [sic] says: "The principal articles of
commerce carried over the bar at the entrance to the Coquille river are
lumber and coal.  This commerce is loaded on small coasting vessels along
the 25 miles of the river between its mouth and Coquille and by them taken
to San Francisco.  Considerable coal, a valuable and scarce commodity on
the Pacific coast, is found on Coquille river [sic] about 15 miles above its
mouth."

                                            Coos Bay. 
     Coos bay it a tidal estuary on the Pacific coast in Oregon, about 400
miles north of San Francisco.  It is the principal harbor between San
Francisco and the Columbia river, says Captain Harts, who, in his last report
on its improvement remarks as follows:  "The present approved project
provides for the construction of two high-tide rubblestone jetties, the north
jetty to extend seaward from the southern end of the north sand spit and the
south jetty to start from Coos Head, the two jetties to converge so that the
outer entrance shall have a width of about 1500 feet, their object being to
create and maintain a low water depth of at least 20 feet.  The setimated
[sic] cost of this improvement is $2,466,412.00 exclusive of the amount
expended on the original project."
     "The amount expended under the present project up to June 30, 1899,
$516,727.03, was for partially enrocking [sic] the north jetty throughout its
entire projected length of 9,600 feet, which resulted in obtaining a channel
through the bar at the entrance to the bay with the low tide depth of from 18
to 22 feet, or 23 to 27 feet at high tide.  The projected depth of 20 feet at
low tide was, therefore, practically obtained before the north jetty had been
enrocked up to its proposed height throughout its projected length of 9,600
feet, and before anything whatever had had been done toward constructing the
south jetty contemplated in the project of improvement."


=

(pg. 4). 
 # 7.



                                        _______________
                         THE SPORTSMAN'S PARADISE               
                                             _____
    
     It is a well-known fact that Coos county is the paradise of the sportsman,
made so by the endless variety f game that can be secured within so short a
distance from the leading cities of the county.  While the nimrod has
enjoyed the sport of killing numbers of wild game, bear, deer and elk are
still plentiful in the mountains and upland birds are found in large numbers. 
In the line of aquatic fowl, ducks, geese, English snipe, are secured with but
little exertion, and visitors from abroad seem amazed when bags of from 50
to 100 are made.  This is no uncommon occurrence.  Hunting parties
frequent this section of Oregon every summer from San Francisco and other
parts, and enjoy camping along the beautifully shaded streams, while they
engage in hunting deer.  Fishing is exceptionally good at different seasons
of the year, and salmon trout are taken out by the score.

=

(pg. 4)..      
 # 8.


                                        _______________
                                       STOCK RAISING  

                           A Lucrative Industry in Coos County.      
                                               _____

     Coos county is very favorably adapted to the stock-raising industry and
has long been noted as one of the leading counties in this state in this
branch.  It is generally admitted that the facilities afforded by nature in this
county for the growing of horses, cattle and sheep, are equal, if not superior,
to any found in any other portion of the United States.  The most noted
cattle ranges are found in the upper Coquille valley.  Here thousands of
head find feed the year round [sic], and it is a seldom occurrance [sic] that
they have to be fed during the winter -- this only being the case when severe
weather continues a great length of time.  Coos county exports annually
thousands of head of beef cattle to San Francisco, besides nearly as large a
number being driven to Oakland, and thence shipped to Eastern ranges. 
This last year witnessed the shipment of 1,500 head of calves -- milk stock -
- which were purchased in this county by J. A. Yoakam, to the extensive
creamery company in Fresno, California.  
     While in later years our farmers have gone into raising of dairy stock, for
the supplying of creameries, which has proven to be a more remunerative
occupation, the production of the number of head of beef cattle has not been
perceptibly diminished.


   race course
       click to enlarge                                       [cropped by editor]
 
    SCENE AT MARSHFIELD RACE COURSE -- DISTRICT FAIR, 1900 
Photo by Stauff

=

1901 Sun (Illustrated)  -- Part 2 :  NEXT  

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    Note:  The original tabloid was 30 pages, 3-column-wide.  The type is too small to reduce
whole pages to fit a computer screen.  So here is the complete text, and photos,  in an entirely
new, single column  layout.   Original page numbers included


 Photos digitalized by ElRoy Miller; enhanced and adapted to web by Marilee Miller.
NO COPYING or distribution of this document without permission.  [marilee@wordforlife.com]

  Compilation copyright (c) 2005 by Marilee Miller.



Actual text is in public domain.    Free copy,  text-only,  here.    


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