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The following items were selected and transcribed from microfilm by Marilee Miller.
This is not a comprehensive list of news items.

Please read explanation and copyright info at end of document.

Corvallis Gazette   Corvallis, Or.
     Chronological.  The keyworded sections need revising; some parts haven't been
keyworded yet.

       1865-76   1878   1879   1880   |  1891   1899    1900   to newspaper menu     

1890

ID line -- keywords   abbr. name of paper and editor's reference number   date

January

Jan 3

CG32x
Willamette Calipooia RR is incorporated to run Calipooia mines to Brownsville, then Corvallis or Albany.

     Binger Hermann, Oregon's representative in congress, has been placed on the committee on rivers and harbors.  He is the right man in this place and Oregon may look for some good work from him.  +

Mr. Cornelius, of Turner, Marion county, been recommended by Or. Senator in Washington as proper man for "farmer" at Chemewa Indian school.   nq at all.

La grippe, new fangled name for a disease raging Europe and some parts America, similar to common cold.  Nq

Jan 17, 1890

The first governor of the territory of Oregon, was George Abernethy [sic], from 1845 to 1849. He was followed by General Joseph Lane, who filled the gubernatorial chair from March to August, 1849. After him came Major John F. Gaines, from 1849 to 1853, Gen. Jos. Lane, March to July 1853; Geo L. Curry, July to November 1853; John W. Davis, November, 1853 to August, 1854; Geo. L. Curry, 1854 to 1859.
The state was admitted February 14, 1859.
The state governors were, John Whiteaker, 1859-1862; Addison C. Gibbs, 1862-1866; Geo. L. Woods, 1866-1870; Lafayette F. Grover,1870-1877; S.F. Chadwick, 1877-1878; W. W. Thayer, 1878-1882; Z. F. Moody, 1882-1887; Sylvester Pennoyer, 1887-1891.
Of the above, all of the territorial governors are dead; and of the state executives, Gibbs and Woods have joined the silent majority. Abernethy came to Oregon in 1840, and was one of the originators of the provisional government, which was in force until the organization* of the territorial government. General Joseph Lane was the Democratic candidate for vice president on the Breckenridge ticket, in 1860, and at the opening of the civil war threw his influence in favor of the south. He refrained from taking any active part in the effort to disunite the republic, and retired to Roseburg, where he died m in April, 1881 ... Geo. L. Curry died in Portland July 28,1878...
Gen Lane was 80 when died; Abernathy was 70; [M. note: gives more stat and ages of others.]

[SP already had trains running between Portland and SF, with stops at Albany, Corvallis.    nq at all]

enrollment public schools Rosburg end of last month 481; several more enrolled since.  Teachers now  aggregate salary $423.83 per month. (Rsbg Review)  nq  [M. note: evidently the total per month for all teachers.]

Jan 24

[a Monmouth bicyclist will go to Europe to tour with some others.  nq at all]

February

Feb 14, 1890

Board of trade Corvallis asking if encouragement could be given to a woolen mill in Iowa to locate in Corvallis.  [lengthy.]

     Albany's woolen factory is a "home institution" -- just remember that. +  [M. note: trying to discourage paying outsiders [incentives] to come in.]

last Thur, 6th Feb, press room Oregonian under 14" water; paper appeared as 4 pg sheet for lst time in 2 year . nq

     Otto Clellan returned Sunday from Oregon City, where he had been on a tricycle [sic], leaving here on Wednesday.  He reported it a sorry looking place. The water was four feet deep on Main street.  He saw a big log float into a store door, and had an addition recently platted, pointed out to him, over which the water floated to the height of a telegraph pole, the top just sticking out. --Albany Democrat, 11th.  +  [M. note: also talks about damage Corvallis, Alsea district; O & C RR both west and east lines greatly damaged.]
=

Feb 21
Locale history  CG 32 Feb 21, 1890
[Calipooia mtns mentioned, both in pioneer days  {1857} and in 1890  ]
 
RR-other  CG32 Feb 21, 1890  Oregon Pacific RR

road-bridge Srh  CG32  Feb 21, 1890
Chas McCulloch, the engineer, to attend fixing temporary bridge across
Mary’s river. Nq             

Dairy saying  literary  CG32 Feb 21, 1890
headline of satirical piece mentions that news spread like Oleomargarine on a
summer day.  Nq
 
OT utility  CG32 Feb 21, 1890
incorporated, Corvallis electric light and power co, L L Hurd, Johnson Porter,
Z Job, W C Corbett, G Lilly, incorporators; capital stock $20,000.

natl fair OT  CG32 Feb 21, 1890  
Chicago gets the world’s fair of 1892, by vote congress .

RR-SP RR-other Srh Locale  CG32 Feb 21, 1890
S P is going to replace its narrow gauge system with standard width and
constr. bridge across Willamette R at Ray’s landing, Marion county.  E. and W.
side systems will then be consolidated.   nq

Feb 28, 1890
Spreckels crop enterprise  CG 32 Feb 28, 1890.
     Claus Spreckels has already expended over $1,000,000 on his Philadelphia
sugar refinery.  + 

OT politic  CG32 Feb 28, 1890 
Benton co. Repl. Central Committee, Fairmount, Soap Creek, S.Corvallis,
Willamette, North Corvallis, Monroe, Philomath, King’s Valley, Summit,
Tide Water,  Wrenn, Lobster,  Alsea, Newport, Yaquina, Tum Tum, Lower
Alsea, Little Elk, Elk City, Toledo, Big Elk.  [M. Doesn’t say whether officially
towns or just districts.  How come Corvallis is not on??]

OT coal  CG32 Feb 28, 1890
Toledo.  slide on one of hills D.P. Blue’s farm, uncovered fine vein coal 25 ft
wide.   

[Paper-cut] RR-SP RR-other  CG32 Feb 28, 1890  
 SP calling for RR ties for new track; [cut of very old fashioned train indeed; 
{M. believe it more so than any photo of CBR showed; but of course those
were later than original lines.}  ]

March

Mar 21, 1890

Lhc  CG32  Mar 21, 1890
0 R Bean, Seattle, father Judge R.C. Bean Eugene,  serious accident at
Cushman’s mill on the Siuslaw;   to Florence on stmr Mink; Acme [name of
a place.]  [M. 2004, these may be separate items?]

Mar 28 ,1890

RR-other  CG32  Mar 28, 1890 
In May the street cars will roll; contract has been let; Corvallis Street Railway.  Nq

Novelty-mill crop  CG32 Mar 28, 1890 
frame work of new flouring mill going up.  [M.  in Corvallis, or?]

April

Apr 11, 1890

enterprise-Foundry RR-other Srh  CG32 Apr 11, 1890
Iron to arrive from Brown & son mill on the Santiam for new street RR.

R.E. OT-Corvallis  CG32 Apr 11, 1890
Job’s Addition, Corvallis, selling elegant suburban residence property joining
city on NW, within 10 min walk new public school house, and agricultural
college, 15 min fm business centre.     nq

Misc-word money Interest?  CG32 Apr 11, 1890
Origin of name "bit" for money; a "short bit" is a dime, a "long bit" is l5 c. 
term “bit” as applied to 1/8th dollar originated in practice 50 years ago in
southern, western states when Mexican coin constituted chief currency; small
change scarce, of cutting dollars into eight pieces and halves into 4.  These
parts were called bits, hence $1 was 8 bits, half 4, quarter 2. Up to 1860
specimens of this "cut money" were found as far N. as St. Louis, Mo, though
not in circulation. "Bit" is fast passing out of existence on this coast where for
40 yrs held sway; the humble nickle comes to front as pop. grows and prices
become more competitive.  nfq.  [item says "bit" was never used as a term
on Atlantic coast or eastern states.]  

Apr 18, 1890

Lhc-pop census health  CG 32 Apr 18, 1890 
What census takers will require; birth, whether naturalized, able to speak English,
other info, whether suffering fm acute disease, etc.

Circus animal OT  CG 32 Apr 18, 1890
"McMahon’s new united shows, circus, museum, wild animal exposition, and
grand free international horse fair,” to play Portland, Harrisburg, Corvallis,
Astoria, Vancouver.
=

Apr 25

circus  paper  balloon OT?  CG 33  Apr 25, 1890
comment on McMahon’s circus exhibitions Tue afternoon and evening, not
largely attended.  Ring performances well executed, pleased audience. 
Balloon ascenscion [as I typed it] of Prof Redmond was a tame affair, he
going only few 100 ft and doing some trapeze work.  It was not quite worth
coming ten thousand miles to see, as the bills and flyers announced.  To put it
in a short space -- the best part of this circus was that shown on the bill-
boards.  [last 2 sentences.  +]   

May

May 16, 1890

Hermann politic  CG33  May 16, 1890
Benton Co Repl. ticket.   State Repl. Ticket. Congressman, Binger Hermann,
of Douglas. Nq 

RR-other  misc-word   CG 33 May 16, 1890
work on Corvallis Street Railway begun at last; 1st car arr. in Corvallis on SP
freight.  It is a “daisy.”  Name painted gold letters on sides.  

OT name vital-stat  CG33 May 16, 1890
married, A G Mulkey, old resident Benton co, to Florence Goodnaugh, of
Oakland. 

May 23, 1890

Hermann politic saying  CG33 May 23, 1890
[comments that Binger Hermann has been in land office,] how can Bobby
Miller, his opponent for repr. to congress, fare, when Binger has had the
"thank you" traffic.  nfq
     It will take a man with more strength in his loins and more vertebrae down his
body than your youth has yet acquired to "get there" as often and as
effectively in the interest of this constituency as Binger Hermann does.   +

June

June 6, 1890

OT CG33 June 6, 1890  
[Wrenn station, King’s Valley mentioned as P 0.]

Hermann politic  CG33 June 6, 1890
[head ]  We Lose the Governor but Binger Hermann’s Majority Unprecedented.
[M.  is this state representative, or natl?]

June 27, 1890

RR-other transport  CG33 June 27, 1890
Street RR has erected neat waiting room at end of track, with comfortable
seats and ice water. Ladies and children find trip over the road pleasant.

RR-CBR  CG33 June 27, 1890
     A company has recently been incorporated with a capital of two millions of
dollars to build a railroad from Roseburg to Coos bay.  It  is expected to
commence work on the line at an early date.   +

July

July 4, 1890

Judge  CG 33 July 4, 1890  
R S Bean elected judge of supreme court; he was circuit judge 2nd district.

July 11,1890

RR-other  CG33 July 11, 1890  [lengthy on Corvallis Street RR Co.]

August

Aug 1, 1890

School Locale-  CG33  Aug 1, 1890 
teacher’s institute to be held Coos Bay Aug 15.
=

Aug 22, 1890

RR-SP  CG34 Aug 22, 1890
SP freight train now running daily, instead of every other day, freight on west
side RR; increase amount freight Corvallis and other points.

Politic judge Tot- OT Locale  CG34 Aug 22, 1890  
Full list of next legislature, which meets Salem in January, with P.O. of each;
Demos have * before name.  Incl  S B Eakin, Eugene, Lane.  Fullerton, J C,
Roseburg, Douglas.   Sinclair, W, Coquille, Coos.   Tongue, Thos M.,
Hillsboro, Washington [county, not Wa. state]   [these are Senators].
Representatives: Crook, A.H., Ellensburg, Coos.  [M note: not Curry?]   *Garfield,
J. D., Marshfield, Coos.    Hall, J H., East Portland, Multnomah.  Leeper, J H,
Oakland, Douglas.   Manning, S A, McMinnville, Yamhill.  Reed, A W,
Gardiner. Douglas.

RR-other entertain-excursion  CG 34 Aug 22, 1890
Oregon Pacific RR Co; our Summer Excursion Tickets (Corvallis) to Yaquina
and return, on sale every day except Sunday.

OT RR-other misc-saying  CG 34  Aug 22, 1890
Independence and Monmouth have completed the motor line which connects
the 2 places; last Tue the motor arrived, will hereafter "mote" [sic] right
along; line will be paying investment.

Fair school-indir state-govt  CG 34 Aug 22, 1890
St supt. E B McElroy appointed member internationa1 committee of world’s fair
for Pacific Coast; better selection could not be made for interests of Oregon

RR-other OT superlative   CG34 Aug 22, 1890
Work new Union depot at Portland commenced; will cost $1,000,000 and
when completed will be finest depot on Pacific Coast.   

name  CG34  Aug 22, 1890   Mr. DeNevue’s residence.   

Srh Locale  CG34 Aug 22, 1890
Dispatch fm Yaquiina City, the new U S steel cruiser, Charleston, recently
built SF, sighted off Yaquina harbor; is fm Honolulu, trip to Yaquina in 14
day; will go to sound and north.  [as I typed it]

Transport  [auto? or RR?] utility?  CG34  Aug 22, 1890
     The supremacy of the English in the application of electricity to the
propulsion of vehicles is likely ere long to be disputed in this country. A
company is being organized in Pittsburg to operate electric cabs, the current
furnished by storage batteries.  ÷   

OT  CG34 Aug 22, 1890  R. Graham’s drug store, Corval1is.

OT-Corvallis fruit-dryer crop condit enterprise transport misc-word saying?  
CG34-5 Aug 22, 1890
     Corvallis, a good many years ago, tried the experiment of a fruit dryer.  It
can hardly be claimed that the business of  drying fruits had a fair test then,
for several reasons.  In the first place a market was not possible for the output
of the dryer because transportation facilities were limited and freights enormous. 
Without transportation facilities, freights at a living rate and a ready market, it
goes without saying that an industry of this kind could not prosper.  Again, in
that day the general business sentiment was at a low ebb.  The citizens were
more or less apathetic and were not inclined to foster and encourage an
enterprise of this character.  Our surplus fruit was "only fit for hog-food anyway
so why bother with a fruit dryer;” “no money in it;” “sure to bust;” etc. And
“bust” it did.  That is to say, the Alden fruit drying establishment after one two
seasons’ run indefinitely suspended operations and the industry, with this as a
criterion, has been paralyzed in this community ever since.
     ...could a $30,999 flour mill have been constructed and put into operation
in Corvallis in that day? Emphatically, No!  Now the country round about Corvallis
is no more capable of supporting a flour mill to-day than it was 10 or -15 years ago.
There was as much or more wheat produced then as there is now.  Where, then,
is the difference?  Why is it possible to have a first-class steam mill put into
operation and into competition with one of the best in this community this season
when such an undertaking would have been an impossibility?
     The natural inference is that the gentlemen who have invested their money
in the mill have awakened to the fact that there is more to be realized from
such an investment than by adhering to the -old methods of lending money at
10 per cent.  Interest with gilt-edge security, or in raising stock for the local
and Portland markets.
     ...First in importance in the Willamette Valley is the wheat industry.  No
one will deny that the wheat produced  in this country since its first settlement
has been its chief support.  It has been for years almost our sole export. Why
is it that now the miller who grinds this wheat in his mill located in this wheat
producing region, can afford to pay one or two cents per bushel more to the
farmer for his wheat than the exporter who ships it abroad?  Manifestly
because the miller can realize so much more for his manufactured product at
home than the exporter can gain by sending it away to foreign consumers. 
What does this suggest? It means that enterprising men can afford to build
flouring mills, manufacture their chief product into flour and supply the home
market.
     Will croakers say that flouring mills under such conditions will not
prosper?   The success of the mills above referred to, with good business
management, is assured.  And the field is certainly large enough for all
competitors now in sight; for the brand "Corvallis Mills" is synonimous
[sic] with a ready sale for all flour heretofore manufactured at this point
and there is no reason to doubt the excellence in quality of the product of
the mills recently put into operation. So much for the first resource of the
Willammette [sic] valley from its soil. 
     What is its second in importance?  Nay, what may be its first in future
importance?  The fruit and fruit drying industry.  That the land owners of the
Willamette valley are aware of the importance of this industry is evident from
the number of trees being planted throughout the whole valley.  Already there
are many orchards numbering thousands of trees growing in this country and
more acres are being cultivated with this in view each year.  Some of these newer
orchards are now beginning to bear fruit.  Soon many will be yielding large
crops, for the fruit crop never fails here, and a market, such as will cheer the
interest-ridden farmer’s heart, will be created, and, to use a homely metaphor,
land will grow fat from the greatness thereof.
      Now what do the fruit growers propose to do with all this fruit?  Ship it. 
Where to?  To some other community’s dryer? It is all well enough to create a
foreign market for the fruit product after that fruit has received all the
attention which we producers can give it.  But ...we want not only to grow this
fruit, but to dry it and to make the boxes in which it is packed.  It is apparent
to any ordinary observer that the fruit now yielded hereabouts would, if cared
for and preserved by drying, be largely enhanced in value by such process and
the returns to the manufacturer...would be in proportion to the importance of
the enterprise. ...  It is said that "Opportunity seized at the right moment,”
...”leads on to prosperity and fortune."  Aptly do they apply to the industry
 now under consideration... It only requires a brief g1ance at the resources
of the country to supply a dryer with raw material, the facility with which the
product could be transported and the waiting market to convince one that
there is money in an enterprise of this kind and the sooner the better.  Let
us have a fruit drying and canning establishment.   +
=

school Lhc-pop census? prices?  CG36 Aug 22, 1890
School apportionments in Benton co made by co school supt; gives name of
clerks of districts [but not districts themselves, incl .]    M W Ruble.   J W
Hyde.  William Briscoe.  G C Peek.  M V Leeper.  L A Peck.  A. Howell.  J W
Parish.  Number of children in county 3405, per capita amount  $2.23.  [would
have been larger, but some taxes delinquent.]

Aug 29, 1890

RR-other Srh entertain-excursion  CG36 Aug 29, 1890 
     The special excursion train to the bay [Yaquina] Saturday carried about 125
passengers from the valley and 25 from Corvallis. The Mischief went out over
the bar for the benefit of the excursionists Sunday.  Perhaps Ed. Wiles was
benefitted by the trip more than anyone else for he put in his time quite
faithfully, feeding the fishes, while out. [M.does this mean he was seasick?
or? ]  Another excursion will be given September 6.  +

RR-other OT school Srh  CG 36 Aug 29, 1890
Lafe Manning, who been employed 'cooking iron' in car shops of Or. Pacific
at Yaquina City, removed family to Salem for winter;  Mrs. Manning, medical
treatment, children to school.  Manning will be employed Corvallis for a few
months  fixing up Oregon Pacific boats. --Salem Statesman.  nfq

Fair-Expo superlative  CG 36 Aug 29, 1890  
North Pacific Industrial Exposition, Portland, Sept 25 - Oct 25 - to excel any ever
held this coast; new and attractive features introduced will make instructive as well
as interesting; Benton county well represented.

fruit Locale RR-other  CG36  Aug 29, 1890
Willamette valley will have a good fruit crop this yr -- but will hardly be a
taste around for people who want to pay for It -- in Montana, Wyoming,
Idaho, Colorado, Minnesota, other states. Squire Farrar & Co, Salem,
pioneer fruit shippers Oregon; shipped first carload Oregon fresh fruit that ever
went east; 1st of last week commenced this season pack green fruit at their
2 story packing house Front st, between Chemeketa and Center, near
site of big bridge, and forwarded to Butte City, Montana, carload
Gravenstein apples, Bartlett pears, and plums; ship in reg. fruit cars over N. P.
[Northern Pacific] and other roads. Fruit from mossgrown, old orchards that
not cared for, won’t keep for shipping; but vigorous, cared for young trees
will keep for shipp. Next after Gravenstein apples and Bartlett pears will
come Tompkins County King, Seek-no-farther, Mignon, and other fall
 apples; then Belllflowers, Baldwlns, other choice winter apples.

Srh  CG36 Aug 29, 1890  
US flag ship Charleston carries her own band and printing office. n fq

RR-CBR  CG 36 Aug 29, 1890. 
     A full gang of men are clearing the way and 1000 more will be put to work on
the Roseburg and Coos Bay railroad next month. +

Paper  CG36 Aug 29, 1890 
C E Hofer, of Salem Journal;  Frank Conover, Corvallis Gazette.

Srh- Locale Needed  CG35 Aug 29, 1890
 Dredging of Yaquina bay will give govt its most valuable, most accessible
deep sea harbor on Pacific; nearest from greatest Asiatic ports; in time war
would be most easily fortified as is small harbor perfectly landlocked, open all
seasons;  SF too far away from Asian voyages; waters of Puget Sound take too
long to reach in emergency.; Yaquina desirable rendezvous for Asiatic and
Alaskan operations.   [M. 2005   this is probably "needed" rather than
accomplished.]
=

health  CG37 Aug 29, 1890 
prevalance of cholera Europe, Japan; warnings state board health Calif 

Utility  CG37 Aug 29, 1890
expectation that spread of electric lighting would diminish gas consumption not
being realized, says Bradstreets,  use of gas steadily increasing, even where
electricity gaining most popularity. 

Logging  CG37 Aug 29, 1890
     The champion load of logs was hauled at Marshfield last week by E.A.
Pollard. Nine logs scaled 18,578 feet.  +
 [M. 2006.  Hauled?  CBR-RR not in yet;  if run down a slough or bay, would it say
hauled?]
 
natl condit  CG37 Aug 29, 1890
settlers Oklahoma appealed to natl govt for relief; 1/3 people need aid, 2/3
farmers need seed wheat; food scarce, hunger;  eastern people forced out of
Oklahoma during boom, by not being able to secure homes there, came west,
and now good fortune. [as I typed it]

School agric  CG37 Aug 29,  1890
increase in appropriations for agricultural college; abt $48,000 to be spent by
OAC; students will spend nearly $75,000 more; asset to Corvallis.

RR-other fruit prices R.E.  CG37 Aug 29, 1890
shippers reported fruit shipments Ashland one day brought $1000 to town;
peaches: 2-3% [as I typed it] per pound on the trees pd , [as I typed it] a
matured peach tree with 200 -300 lb fruit would yield grower $4 - $12 for crop;
income $400 - $1200 an acre for peach orchards.

vital-stat Locale  CG37 Aug 29, 1890
married, Frank C Robinson, Lane Co, Mary A Dyer, Benton co; in Eugene. 

health-death OT CG 37 Aug 29, 1890
 Died: at his home at Suver Station, Aug 26, 1890, Joseph Suver, 75,  One of
Or. pioneers, settled in Polk co many years ago when acquired large amount
valuable land.  Town of Suver named for him.

September
 
Sept 12, 1890

R.E. fruit  timber [??]  CG37 Sept 12, 1890
Oregon Land Co, offering land 3 1/2 - 5 mi fm state capital, excellent shipping
facilities, near cannery, adapted to fruit raising.  5-acre tracts  $55 - $75 acre
cuItivated, ready to set to fruit; 10-acres, partly cultivated, $50 acre. 20 acre
light timber land, good spring branch, $35 acre. 40 acres cultivated land, sm.
house, some young fruit trees set out. $70 acre. Fruit raisers profit fm $100 to
$150 per acre after trees 4 yrs old.  Industrious man can make good living for
family while his orchard is coming into bearing by raising vegetable and crops
for the cannery.

name RR-other saying?  CG37 Sept 12, 1890
E H Dunham, supt Oregon Pacific RR, seems to fit his new place easy; we
predict will soon be one of most popular RR men on coast.

Srh  CG37 Sept 12, 1890 
secy treasury reduced fines Capt  John Bergman and Engineer Safley of stmr
Lillian, plying Florence - Yaquina, for going to sea w/o license, to $5 ea and costs.

Paper  CG37 Sept 12, 1890  R J Hendrick, of the Salem Statesman.    

name  CG 37 Sept 12, 1890  
[D C Rose mentioned.]        /    [Fred Root mentioned.]

health-death pioneer OTot  CG37 Sept 12, 1890 
S C Irvine, of Newport Oregon, one of Oregon pioneers, died.

Fair agric crop school OT  CG37 Sept 12, 1890
St. Fair begins Salem next mon; promises to be most successful St Fair ever
held here; grains, grasses, fruits, exhibits under direction Prof H T French,
college.

Racism/ethnic  CG37 Sept 12, 1890
Dr. Dorchester, US Supt Indian schools, his wife who special Indian agent,
also Col Whitlesy [as I typed it], secy  Indian Rights, making tour Pacific Coast,
visited Siletz agency; paid Agent T J Buford compliment for efficiency.

Music drama racism/ethnic  CG37 Sept 12, 1890
The Oakes’ Swiss Bell Ringers and Comedy Sketch Club will appear tonight
at Job's Theatre.  Harry Eades, facial artist; Frank Hollister, colored senator. 
Alice Oakes solos, harp; John Oakes, flute.
=

RR-other OT  CG38 Sept 12, 1890
Corvallis Street Railway placed its bonds and ordered materials for mile of rd.
in addition to tt in op; fm the P0 to SP and Oregon depots will bring all parts
town into closer connection; when completed, Corvallis will have more street
RR oper. than any other city Oregon except Portland, and Salem.   Co. intends
building  temp. car house at N end of track this season, permanent houses and
stables next year.

Sept 19, 1890

Wool Item silk-indir OT  CG38 Sept 19, 1890
Merino underwear, smooth and soft as silk, ladies, children, the Ladies’
Bazaar.

OT utility  CG38 Sept 19, 1890
Corvallis Electr. Light and Power Co, L L Hurd, has an incandescent motor
driven by powerful Westinghouse engine; illuminating stores, offices,
residences, streets with 180 incandescent lights; talk of arc circuit for streets
and larger stores.

Flouring-mill  crop Srh OT  CG38 Sept 19, 1890
Benton Co Flouring mills Co last yr put up steam mill, capacity 150 barrels a
day; warehouse storage capacity 125,000 bushels; important addition to mfg
 industries Corvallis.     /   
Corvallis Flouring Mills, property H Fisher, capacity 100 barrels day,
warehous 100,000 bushels; these mills run by water power fm Mary’s river;
old ,established, successful.   [M. same article lists other facilities which Corvallis
has.]

fruit name  CG38 Sept 19, 1890  
Geo. Rohrer, prune orchard.   James Loney.   

Fair [??] OT animal crop school  CG38 Sept 19, 1890
 state fair Salem; lst 4 days greater success than ever before; ag college exhibit
425 varieties potatoes, l00 varieties oats, wheat.  Races attract greatest
attention in afternoons, Benton co. favorite horse, "0regon Eclipse" won fresh
laurels in handicap running race, 5/8 mile, dash for 2l0.

Lhc-Oregon timber  CG38 Sept 19, 1890
Oregon has 10,000,000 acres of forest; the growing lbr trade.  1850 - 60,
lumber product this state 60 million ft.  1860 -70   l25million feet.    1870 -
1880  250 million ft.  estimated output 1880 - 1890  500mill. ft.  Introduction
of inland transportation just beginning to touch vast belts of timber,
exceedingly low price forest lands, $4.50 acre average, and pressure of
domestic, foreign demand to make field attractive. (Commercial Review)  nq

Spreckels character? Agric  CG 38  Sept 19, 1890.
    “Claus Spreckels,” said a friend of his, “looks so much like the conventional
idea of Santa Claus, the Christmas saint, that no one ought to be surprised at
his being named ‘Claus.’  The old sugar king has a full white beard, rosy
cheeks and luxuriant snowy hair.  He is even as benevolent in a benevolent
way as his Christmas namesake is on a large scale, and his family and
employees are devoted to him.  Mr. Spreckels knows the sugar business from
the cane field to the refined product.  When the refinery was being built at the
foot of Reed street in Philadelphia, at a cost of more than a million dollars, a
quantity of the most expensive machinery in the plant was put in wrong, and
when Mr. Spreckels saw it he recognized the error at a glance.  As a practical
machinist he leaped into the excavation, had the whole mass of iron and steel
yanked out and personally superintended its proper erection.  Few millionaire
operators in any business know its ins and outs so thoroughly as he.”   +  

item animal-indir OT  CG38 Sept 19, 1890
Waukenphhast [sic] shoes in kid and pebble goat, at Holgate & Helm’s.  +

RR-other OT mail  CG38 Sept 19, 1890 
     Applications is to be [sic] made for a post office at Niagra [sic], the new
town on the Oregon Pacific.  +  

Novelty-brick [flouring-mill?] OT mail  CG38 Sept 19, 1890
Mrs. A F Helm, postmistress, has leased center room ground floor of Fisher’s
new brick and will move office as soon as bldg completed, abt 6 - 8 wk; will
add latest improved lock boxes, main entrance open all hrs so those with
boxes can go any time.
=

Sept 26, 1890

[paper-cut]  invention  OT-Corvallis  CG 39 Sept 26, 1890
[cut of old typewriter ]  [ M.'s  Britannica lists as the first shift key
typewriter, 1878; 1st practical typewriter hadn’t been invented until 1874.
Britannica doesn’t list any other in betweens until later; however, says
sometime after 1878 appeared a single character typewriter, with capitals each
having a separate key fm lower case.  Single key and shift key machines
competed for popular favor, but advent touch typing, for which compact
keyboard suited, decided issue. Touch typing before the ‘90’s was only by
operators of exceptional still; in that decade it rapidly gained acceptance;
since 1900 the universal method.]
[The cut shows a device to be attached to typewriters which can be readily
inserted and moved if desired; patented by Messrs M L Pipes, E F Pernot,
Corvallis; gentlemen receive many applications  fm eastern dealers who wish
to handle patent, will doubtless have revenue.  lengthy on technical works.
evid. before this the copy typed was down inside and couldn’t be seen; this
copyholder is held on the carriage, moving with and being swung upward with
it when the operator desires to examine the typewritten copy.” In this way the
paper can be turned up to read, then rolled back to type.]  [M. note: this is the
way I interpret it.]   [Pernot was a businessman in Corvallis.] 

photo OT-Corvallis  CG39 Sept 26, 1890
     All the latest novelties in the photographic art at Pernot Bros.   +   [M.
my handwritten note:  several say they are photographers.  meaning the Ads say?]

Other-mining  CG39 Sept 26, 1890
only 2 states produce quicksilver; Calif,  Oregon. 3 Calif mines, 3 Douglas co,
Oregon; 3 furnaces, Douglas co.

animal conditions Locale Srh  CG39 Sept 26, 1890 
seals have practically abandoned Behring sea and the Prybalov islands [sic];
not known where new rookeries are, left because of poachers hunting.

Prices OT-Portland  CG 39 Sept 26, 1890
salaries, East Portland; recorder $1200, surveyor $1500, police $4,200, city
atty  $1200, engineer $960, engine driver $600, treas. $300, assessor $600;
street commissioner $1200.

Racism/ethnic other-mining blacksand-mining CG 39 Sept 26, 1890
S 0 Irvin has gang Chinamen at work mouth Nye creek, Benton co, sluicing
black sand for gold.  quite large deposit black sand, men making something
over wages.

Oct 3, 1890
Road  OT Srh  CG 39 Oct. 3, 1890
County road fm Waldport to Tidewater, connecting with Alsea river road; hope
to have it open by next summer.

Srh condit? Locale  CG 39 Oct 3, 1890
Since upper Wiliamette became too low for navigation Oregon Pacific’s 3
river stmrs been tied up company wharf Corvallis; undergoing repairs; by time
river to boating stage, each in good condit   woodwork of the Bentley and the
Hoag will be entirely new, that of Sisters repaired.  H B Williams and Lafe
Manning in charge mech. repairs.

Oct  10, 1890

Fruit  OT-Corvallis  CG 39 Oct 10, 1890
Fresh supply Calif  fruits, S 0 watermelon and peaches, Camerons.   [M.  evid
a store]

name  CG39 Oct 10, 1890  
family E H Dunham arrived from Ohio this week. 

[??] OTot other-mining-indir enterprise?  CG39 Oct 10, 1890
Supt Darton, of the paint mills, Scio, abt to begin grinding ore.   

Politic conditions-attitude racism/ethnic  CG39  Oct 10, 1890
No harder worker in US senate than John H Mitchell of Oregon.  Believes in
dignity of American labor and wants to protect, and so would keep out of 
immigration those favoring anarchy, communists, nihilists, mendicants, idiots,
paupers; all Chinese except diplomats and retinues.

Invention  utility  CG39 Oct 10, 1890  
Edison has invented new battery cell for telegraph companies.   

[??]  CG39 Oct 10, 2890
E R Skipworth resigned as clerk supreme court, to take effect Mar 1891, to go to
Eugene City [sic] to practice law.  at one time was resident Corvallis.   nq
=

Oct 24, 1890

Lhc-pop census Locale  CG 39a Oct 24, 1890  
Oregon’s population, fm census bureau.  pop. of state 312,440;  in 1880 was
174,768.
                             1899           Increase

Benton                   8629           2226
Clackamas          15,192           5932
Clatsop                  9952           2730
Columbia                5161          3119
Coos                      3836          4002  [M. 2004  something wrong here]
Curry                     1648            440
Douglas               14,783          2192
Jackson               11,360          3266
Josephine                4844          2339
Lane                     15,093         3463
Linn                        l6,l39          3463
Polk                        7736          1135
Tillamook                2888          1918
Washington          11,874          4792
Yamhill                 10,608         2664
Multnomah           75,657       50,454
Marion                 22,456          7879
                              ______      _____
                           239,559     104,191
[corrected figures not yet received fm census office for E. Oregon.]

utility OTot RR-other  CG39a Oct 24, 1890
Copeland & Gaither, Toledo, John Gaither is telegraph and station agent; will
build telegraph and depot station soon.  Mr. Dunham, to whom our people
indebted, will give us added facilities. -- Yaquina Post.   nq

school  CG39a Oct 24, 1890
 public school enrollment, 350, largest number enrolled any one time history
Corvallis school.

Fruit Srh OT  CG39a Oct 24, 1890
J 0 Stearns, Esq, Waldport cranberry field; sent to Salem Capital Journal by
Dr. S A Diven; berries raised on lands near Alsea bay, which are especially
adapted to growing; as fine a sample as anyone would wish to see.  nq

RR-other item Locale? saying  CG39a Oct 24, 1890
     Supt Dunham showed the "pattern cap" for uniforms of trainmen of OP
RR.   ...the 0.P. boys will be the envy of the brethren of other railway service
and the admiration of all the girls from the darkest recesses of the Santiam
to the uttermost parts of the "burnt woods."  +

taxes locale  CG39a Oct 24, 1890
 [lengthy list of those men and companies who pay taxes in Benton co on sums
to amnt of $5000 and over, many individuals, firms.]      

name  CG39a Oct 24, 1890  H. Pape [mentioned]

Nov 7.1890

Paper  CG39a Nov 7, 1890 
Gazette is the oldest newspaper publ. in Benton Co.

church end-times-condit  CG39a Nov 7, 1890
     The Mormon “Saints” are waiting for the advent of another civil war, when,
they predict, will come their opportunity to re-establish the church in Utah and
invite the oppressed all over the world to its shelter. It seems like a barren
hope but it is the best they have. +
=

CG39b
[a recreating trip.]  [= vacation, perhaps enjoying the outdoors.  See also Nov 14, 1890, – rusticating.]

enrollment Corvallis schools 365, about 61 for each teacher.

Bob's Theatre, fine series of specialty concerts, free from anything offensive; show much better than 75 c shows that visit; advertising standard medicines. The Chilean Medicine Co. Every one who purchases $ 1 worth medicine gets chance on winning a free lot to be given away by Dr Belcher, lot in Eugene.

Nov 14

[rusticating.]  [= a vacation out in the country, perhaps hunting, fishing, and camping out.  See also Nov 7, 1890, – a recreating trip.]

Contractor J E McCoy completed constr. lines to depots, putting in switches, having laid 5188 ft, added to 5640 ft last summer, makes 10,828 ft built present season.  nq

state vs Fredrick Root, assault with deadly weapon, not true bill. 
=

CG39c-d
     The Overland Southern Pacific passenger train, or California Express, went down with the north end of thy long trestle crossing what is known as Lake Labish, about a half-mile north of the Chemewa Indian training school, five miles from Salem.  The trestle must have given way as soon as the engine struck it, and the train and trestle went down together.
     The engine was overturned and half buried in the mud. Following this were the tender, mail, baggage and express cars, broken and twisted entirely out of shape.
     Then followed the first-class day coach, which was saved from going over by alighting with the front end on an old tree broken off about even with the trestle.  The seats in the car were every one broken to splinters and the partitions were broken into thousands of pieces.
     Then followed the smoker, the seats in which were nearly all broken.  Next was the tourist sleeper in which were some twenty or thirty passengers. Of this number only three were uninjured.  Next was the Pullman car "Alatia" [sic] with seventeen passengers, and only three escaped without injury.
     In the smoker and day coach every seat was occupied, and the proportion of injured was larger, if possible, than that of the cars following, as the wreck was the most disastrous from the front end, on account of the mail, express and baggage cars overturning.
     The only thing that kept the train from burning was the fact that the trestle and track went down almost perpendicularly with it, and none of the passenger cars were overturned.
     The first news of the disaster that reached Salem came by an Indian student of the Chemewa school, who arrived a little before 9 o'clock, having ridden in.
     Relief and wrecking trains were sent out as soon as possible from Albany, Salem and Portland, and the injured cared for as well as possible.
     Those killed outright were Engineer Bohn [sic?] McFadden, Fireman "Fin" Neal, and an unknown man, and a tramp who was riding on the trucks of the express car, where he was found all tangled and mangled among the irons.
    Fifty persons were injured, some of whom fatally: [sic]  Among those more seriously injured are, [sic]
     Charles Vaughn, Forest Grove, leg broken; Frank Cleveland and wife, backs hurt; B F Dodd, Victoria, B.C., broken leg; Captain Enell [sic], San Francisco, both legs broken near the ankle; Frank Waite, Ellsworth, Kansas, back sprained and side mashed, injuries will probably prove fatal; Clara Hamlet, Tacoma, arm broken; C. Griebel [sic], drummer [ie, salesman], Milwaukee, thigh broken; "Pet" B. Beckley, Oakland, Or., ribs broken and back injured; Miss Nettie Starkey, of Portland, perhaps fatally injured internally; James McGarry, U.S. marshal from Salt Lake City, Utah, nose broken and leg probably broken, and badly injured internally; fears are that he will bleed to death; W.S. Kreek, Portland, ankle broken and probably leg, face also bruised and nose and eye cut; A. Huff, Eugene, brakeman, back badly hurt, face mashed, nose and eye cut and ankle broken, the bones protruding through his shoe; "Shah” Consor, Roseburg, conductor, leg broken between knee and ankle; Houghton, Pullman conductor, leg broken and body bruised;

leg broken between knee and ankle; Houghton, Pullman conductor, leg broken and body bruised; Gus Strang, badly cut to the bone over the left eye, left wrist and left shoulder badly sprained and swollen; Mrs. A. N. Gilbert, badly shaken up and it is feared her injuries are internal, but how serious could not be learned; Warren Gilbert, the 13-year-old son of Postmaster Gilbert, leg broken and a bad cut under the chin.
     According to the statements made by the superintendent and others, there is no question but the work is due to the dastardly work of murderous tramps.  It was found that a rail on the west side of the track had been torn up.  The rail was found lying on the opposite side of the trestle, and the spikes had been torn from the ties.
     The latest news announces that a total of nine persons have died from the effects of injuries.
=

CG39e
     REMINISCENT. --According to accounts work on the Roseburg and Coos railroad is progressing favorably. Our friend, Judge Kelsay [sic], and others of the old-time lawyers of this county who made semi-annual visits to Coos and Curry counties in the '60's hailed with delight the completion of a direct trail between Roseburg and the bay, the one previously traveled being a very circuitous and difficult one. At that time a wagon road was regarded by many as a wild notion. The road, however, came soon thereafter, and now the thundering blasts of the railway builders are echoing in the canyons of the Coquille. But of the attorneys who trod the Coos bay trail many, who are now gone, will not
Experience the comparative comfort of the trip in a modern palace car. These are Judges Pratt, Stratton, Skinner, Thayer, Mosher, C.W. Fitch and perhaps others. The pioneer attorneys of this district who made regular pilgrimages in the early days over the Coast mountains to administer to the legal wants of the people of Coos and Curry counties are Kelsay, Burnett, Strahn, J.F. Watson, Gazley, L.F. Lane, Chadwick, Willis and Hermann. +
=

Nov 21, 1890
CG39f

mail service between Newport and Yaquina city, overland rte, inconvenience of service.  committee from Newport board of trade recommends a report be sent to Hon. Binger Hermann with request that he submit to Postmaster General. Nfq
    It is safe to say that Mr. Hermann will give the matter the attention it requires. +

Newport & King's Valley RR co, board of directors to extend corp. from present terminus at Airlie [sic] to Salem and beyond, via Independence and King’s Valley;  N & KV Co.

Mgr Cox, of Corvallis Street Railway Co, received from SF the new regulation caps to be worn all drivers and conductors. Style something like that worn ORRR. New car to arrive today, put on line next week.

Oregon City blankets and flannels

Excellent quality cranberries, People's Grocery Store; cash paid for potatoes and dried fruit.

silk handkerchiefs and mufflers, Nolans.

Bean pie sociable [sic] at reading room.

[John Muir controlled O. R. & Co’s traffic some years ago.]

     Moses Hurd, of Yaquina, who was in the Lake Labish catastrophe, is in Corvallis attending court.  He was not seriously injured in the wreck but his head is bundled up in such a way that it would be difficult to distinguish it from a roll of carpet rags.  +

     The state board of railroad commissioners are taking testimony at Salem to ascertain the cause of the Lake Labish disaster.  The break in the track has been repaired, and trains are now running as usual.  The overland train which has been coming by way of this city made its last trip through here on Wednesday night.  +

Nov 28, 1890

     A book entitled :The Lake Labish Disaster" has been issued.  [as I typed it]  The title of the book is what its name
indicates, containing a complete account of the late train x wreck, together with the names, postoffice [sic] address, and injuries of the passengers of the ill-fated train; also the proceedings of the coroner's inquest and the verdict rendered by the jury, as well as the investigation by the railroad commissioners and their findings in the case.  +  [M note: this article doesn’t say what the findings were.]
=

Paper OT CG40 Nov 28, 1890
     It is announced semi-officially that General J. M. Siglin will once more
embark in the newspaper business at Marshfield, Coos county, about the
beginning of the coming year.  –Eugene City Guard.  +

Racism/ethnic end-times-attitude?  CG40 Nov 28, 1890
[Head:]    THE INDIAN MESSIAH.
     The excitement among the Indians of the Northwest in regard to the
coming of a Messiah among them grows with each succeeding week.  It is
said that there is no fear of an outbreak against the whites, as the Messiah
comes to command peace and prohibit bloodshed.  It is to be noted, however,
that those who accept the truth of this Messiah most firmly, and are most
stirred by his coming, are among the bitterest enemies of the white race. The
promises held out to the Indians, too, are not of a kind that can be gained by
pacific means. They do not incline him to cultivate a field and to work and to
make a home for himself, but rather to return to his wild life and his savage
nature. According to the most accurate reports that can be obtained, the
prophecy has been made that the Western continent shall be given back to the
red man and the plains covered once more with the innumerable buffaloes.
The whites shall disappear utterly from the land, and no barrier shall be placed
to the roving hunter save only the great waters of the sunrise and the sunset
seas. Against a belief of this kind in a barbarous mind it is impossible to
argue. The very facts which to the educated man are destructive of
superstition, are to the ignorant a confirmation of its pretenses. Thus we are
told that one of the chiefs who  has been in the East and has seen the
wonderful things of civilization, finds in them only a reason for believing the
miraculous prohpesies [sic = prophecies].  "Among the white men," he said,
"I was shown a machine through which I could talk with a man a great way
off. This was very strange, and so are these things which it is said are going to
be done; yet it is true, and so it may be true that the buffalo will come back
again and the white man be driven away."  Against such philosophy as this
reason is unavailing. The Indians have no cause to love the white man, and in
their revengeful memories they doubtless cherish many causes why they
should hate him. It will be well therefore, that the people in the vicinity of the
reservations should be watchful and the garrisons strengthened, for nothing
but fear can prevail over a madness where it is vain to look for affection. A
war with the Indians while there [as I typed it] natural ferocity of nature is
intensified by fanaticism of a religious character would be terrible and would
probably not end until nearly the whole race was exterminated. Gladly as we
would like to see all parts of our country freed from the savages we would not
like it freed in this way. When the Indian goes we would have him vanish
utterly. We do not wish him to leave his trail of blood upon the land where are
to be the homes of our children. --San Jose Mercury.  +
=

December

Dec 5

Agric OT name  CG41 Dec 5, 1890 
A C Mulkey, secy of farmer’s institute to be held Corvallis.
 
RR-other Srh  CG41 Dec 5, 1890
Wm Hoag [as I typed it] general mgr, first VP of Oregon Pacific RR, Wallis Nash
2nd vp, and E H Dunham, supt of the road; business in Salem, arrange for constr.
wharf for reception freight by their boats carried on Willamette.

OT-Corvallis mail prices  CG41 Dec 5, 1890
New P. 0. one of neatest and best appointed in Oregon; quarters in Fisher’s
brick block, elegantly fitted room 18x75, l6 ft ceiling; 418 lock boxes; 2000 lb
safe fm Webb Safe & Lock co.  cost of  fittings $1500.

book OT temperance  CG41 Dec 5, 1890 
free reading room; main st,  opposite Cameron’s store, quiet room, good books,
current papers and periodicals; public invited;  WCTU.  [M. 2005 1 item, or 2?]

bridge-road-or-RR?  CG41 Dec 5, 1890  
[steel bridge across Willamette at Salem to be completed this mo.]

Health-contag  CG41 Dec 5, 1890 
     Koch the Berlin physician is making a success of his vaccination for consumption.  ÷  

Health-contag school  CG41 Dec 5, 1890
Walla Walla, scarlet fever, diptheria epidemic advised the closing of schools.  

Paper prices condit OT-Corvallis  CG41 Dec 5, 1890
Junction City Pilot says "jobs are getting plentiful, with cash wages in
Corvallis."  No need any industrious person being out of employment here.

agric crop? Fruit OT-Corvallis incentive  CG41 Dec 5, 1890
A gentleman representing eastern capital looking matter cannery and evaporator.
$20,000 will put works in operation, expects to raise $10,000 in Corvallis.

OTot Xmas mail-indir item  CG41 Dec 5, 1890
Wilkins Bond & Co in Fisher block adjoining new PO, people of Benton co
can obtain most modern and beautiful holiday goods at prices in reach of
poorest...
Beautiful albums of all sizes and styles are for sale at surprisingly low prices;
elegant Christmas cards of the most tasty designs; Corvallis greeting cards
containing correct photographs of the city and beautiful surroundings,
imbedded in Oregon sea moss, form a splendid and expressive souvenir to
send to eastern friends;  pastelles [sic] of large size from the hands of noted
painters, finely enameled and elegantly gotten up; toilet cases calculated to
intoxicate the recipients with delight...   Horns from the prairies of Northern
Montana adjusted into the most rapturous shapes for fancy foot-stools and
parlor ornaments; silk banners with appropriate inscriptions; life-size dolls of
durable bisque and real hair, etc., must be seen to be appreciated.    [all +
except first half of first sentence]

Dec 12, 1890

Health-death  CG41 Dec 12, 1890  
5 persons have died thus far fm Lake Labish accid.

Dec 19,1890

Racism/ethnic crop  CG41  Dec 19, 1890
Siletz Reservation, Indians getting good bldgs and good fences:  571 Indians
on reservation; raised 10,000 bushel oats last season.  Oats better crop than
wheat.

Name  CG41 Dec 19, 1890  C H Dunham, b.

--


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